Growth and Optical Spectra of Tb3+/Sm3+/Ce3+ Triply Doped LiYF4 Single Crystals for White-Light LEDs
The Tb3+/Sm3+/Ce3+ triply doped LiYF4 single crystals were grown by a modified Bridgman method. The absorption spectra, excitation spectra, and fluorescence spectra of Tb3+/Sm3+/Ce3+ ions in LiYF4 crystals were measured. The fluorescence spectra of several bands, mainly located at purplish blue ∼413 nm (5D3 →7F5), yellowish green ∼542 nm (5D4 →7F5), and red ∼643 nm (4G5/2 →6H9/2), were observed under excitation of ultraviolet light. White light could be generated by the mixture of the multicolor lights. The luminous intensities varied slightly with the excitation wavelength from 300 nm to 400 nm and doping Tb3+/Sm3+/Ce3+ ion concentration. The chromaticity coordinates of the crystal could be modified by changing the excitation wavelengths and the concentrations of Tb3+/Sm3+/Ce3+ ions. A near-ideal white light emission could be obtained from 1.25 mol% Tb3+, 1.98 mol% Sm3+, 0.44 mol% Ce3+ triply doped LiYF4 single crystal with chromaticity coordinates of x = 0.3090, y = 0.3223, color temperature Tc = 6777 K, color rendering index Ra = 77 and color quality scale Qa = 76 under the excitation of a 374 nm light.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2016
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