Synthesis and Visible Photodegradation Enhancement of CdS/mpg-C3N4 Photocatalyst
A series of visible-light-induced CdS/mpg-C3N4 nanocomposites were fabricated vis the solvothermal method and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy analysis. The results show that CdS nanoparticles are homogenously dispersed on the sheet of mesoporous g-C3N4. The CdS/mpg-C3N4 nanocomposites show much higher visible-light-driven photocatalytic activity than individual mpg-C3N4 and CdS for methylene blue (MB) and phenol degradation. The optimal CdS content with the highest photocatalytic activity is determined to be 40%, which is almost 6.4 and 1.6 times higher than that those of individual mpg-C3N4 and CdS for the degradation of MB, and 12.2 and 2.2 folds for the degradation of phenol. The enhancement in photocatalytic activity and stability should be assigned to the effective separation and transfer of photogenerated charges coming from the well-matched overlapping band-structure between mpg-C3N4 and CdS. Radical trap experiments show that both the holes and O2 •− are main oxidative species of CdS/mpg-C3N4 for MB degradation under visible light irradiation. Finally, the possible mechanism for the enhancement of the visible light performance is proposed.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2016
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