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Graphene Oxide and Hydroxyapatite as Fillers of Polylactic Acid Nanocomposites: Preparation and Characterization

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Graphene and its derivatives have attracted great research interest for their potential applications in electronics, energy, materials and biomedical areas. When incorporated appropriately, these atomically thin carbon sheets are expected to improve physical properties of host polymers at extremely small loading. Herein, we report a novel two-step method for the preparation of PLLA/Hap/graphene oxide nanocomposites with augmented mechanical properties when compared to PLLA/Hap and neat PLLA. The presence of graphene oxide (GO) had a positive effect on the dispersion of hydroxyapatite particles on the polymeric matrix contributing for a good homogeneity of the final nanocomposite. PLLA nanocomposites prepared with 30% (w/w) of Hap and 1% (w/w) of GO showed the highest hardness and storage modulus values indicating an efficient load transfer between the fillers and the PLLA matrix. These materials may find interesting biomedical applications as for example bone screws. The following step on the study of these materials will be in vitro tests to access the biocompatibility of these new nanocomposites.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: August 1, 2012

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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