Formation of Ag Nanoframes with Facilitation of Dithiols
Two-dimensional Ag nanoprisms readily formed Ag triangular nanoframes upon electron beam irradiation. Following meso-2, 3-dimercaptosuccinicacid (DMSA) ripening behavior, continuous electron beam exposure transformed a solid nanoplate into a core/void/shell morphology, which then evolved into a hollow nanoframe structure. TEM was used to observe the ripening and etching processes of Ag nanoprisms as a function of DMSA concentration and electron irradiation time. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and FT-IR analysis were conducted to characterize the Ag nanoprism structure and surface before and after treatment with DMSA. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) was used to determine surface chemical compositions and indicated DMSA was adsorbed on the Ag nanoprisms in the form of Ag+–S−. Raman measurements provided evidence of a disulfide group on Ag nanoprisms. Similar organosulfur structures such as mercaptosuccinic acid and 2-mercaptoacetic acid were also studied with results suggesting that the two S-H groups of dithiol DMSA played the crucial role in nanoframe fabrication. Using the same strategy with DMSA, the nano-architecture can be extended to 2D nanodiscs yielding nanorings.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: March 1, 2012
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