Spinodal Decomposition of Mono- to Few-Layer Graphene on Ni Substrates at Low Temperature
Mono to few-layer graphene were prepared on pre-annealed polycrystalline nickel substrates by chemical vapor deposition at a relatively low temperature of 800 °C using fast cooling rate. It was observed that the reduced solubility of Carbon in Ni at low temperature and an optimum gas mixing ratio (CH4:H2 = 60/80 (sccm)) can be used to synthesize mano-layer graphene that covers about 100 μm2 area. The number of graphene layers strongly depends upon the hydrogen and methane flow rates. An increase in the methane flow is found to increase the growth density of the single-layer graphene. The number of graphene layers was identified from micro-Raman spectra. The thinnest areas containing mono-layer graphene formed at small Ni grains surrounded by large Ni Grains can be explained in terms of Spinodal decomposition. Scanning tunneling microscopy observations of the graphene samples indicate that the graphene structure exhibits no defects, and extremely symmetry hexagon carbon at flat graphene surface is observed.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: March 1, 2012
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