Study on the Photoluminescence Character of Water-Soluble CdSe Nanocrystals Under Ambient Conditions
Water soluble, thioglycolic acid (TGA) modified CdSe nanocrystals (NCs) have been prepared in aqueous media by the reaction between Cd2+ and NaHSe. Although initially these quantum dots (QDs) display photoluminescence (PL) with very low quantum yields (QY), upon prolonged exposure to ambient light, a strong PL enhancement by illumination is observed which leads to water soluble QDs with high luminescence. This result may have important application potential in biological or other fields. The primary reason for the luminescence enhancement is concluded to be the incorporation of sulfide ions from TGA into the lattice of CdSe NCs and the subsequent formation of alloy structures. Moreover, the CdSe/CdS core–shell structured QDs synthesized in aqueous solutions also consolidate this conclusion.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: April 1, 2011
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