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Selective Adsorption of Organosilane Molecules Along Step Edges of Atomically Flattened Si(111) Surfaces

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We investigate the selective adsorption of organosilane molecules (3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) and octadecyltrichlorosilane (OTS)) at the step edges of a flattened Si(111) surface by atomic force microscopy. The flattened Si(111) surface is formed by dipping a vicinal Si(111) wafer into ultralow-dissolved-oxygen water after treatment with HF. The selective adsorption of these organosilanes is achieved only when the Si(111) sample is pretreated with a Cu-containing solution to form Cu wires along the step edges of the Si(111) surface. This is probably due to the simultaneous formation of one-dimensional Si oxide covered with hydroxyl (OH) groups underneath Cu wires during the electroless reduction of Cu ions in water. At the step edges, APTES and OTS molecules are adsorbed as disperse clusters and as rows of bumps, respectively. The reason for this difference is still unclear, but a key factor is probably the control of the moisture content in the environment. The step edges, which are functionalized by organosilane molecules with various terminations such as –NH2 and –CH3, are expected to be utilized in novel nanoscale devices and processes.
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Keywords: ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPY; ATOMIC STEP; LOCAL OXIDATION; MODIFICATION; WET CHEMICAL TREATMENT

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 1, 2011

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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