Initial Formation Behaviour of Polypyrrole on Single Crystal TiO2 Through Photo-Electrochemical Reaction
Hybrid materials of the organic and inorganic semiconductors have a potential to show the better performance in the charge separation at the junction upon the photovoltaic action by the presence of the space charge layer in the inorganic semiconductor. In this study, the photo-anodic polymerization was selected as a fabrication method for the hybrid materials composed of TiO2 and polypyrrole on the basis of some advantages of this method. For the process control of the photo-anodic polymerization, it is important to elucidate the formation and growth mechanisms of the organic polymer. In this study, a flat sheet of single-crystal TiO2 was used as a well-defined surface for preparation of the organic polymer of pyrrole. Photo-anodic polarization behaviour was clarified and polypyrrole was prepared on TiO2. The formation process, especially the initial step was revealed by observation of polypyrrole with atomic force microscope (AFM) and statistical interpretation of the morphology of polypyrrole in the nano-scopic level. The formation process of polypyrrole on the TiO2 surface was summarized; (1) adsorption of precursors, (2) localized formation and growth of polypyrrole under the photo-illumination, and (3) homogenous growth of polypyrrole with the external current application under the photo-illumination.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: April 1, 2011
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