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Thermoelectric Properties of Nanocrystalline Ca3−x Cu x Co4O9 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.32) for Power Generation

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We successfully synthesized nano-sized Ca3−x Cu x Co4O9 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.32) powders by solution combustion process. Plate-like grains and porous structure were observed in the sintered Ca3−x Cu x Co4O9 ceramics. The sintered Ca3−x Cu x Co4O9 showed a monoclinic symmetry. The electrical conductivity of the Ca3−x Cu x Co4O9 increased with increasing temperature, indicative of a semiconducting behavior. The added Cu led to a significant increase in the electrical conductivity. The Seebeck coefficient of the Cu-added Ca3−x Cu x Co4O9 was much higher than that of the Cu-free Ca3Co4O9. The highest power factor (9.99 × 10−4 Wm−1K−2) was obtained for Ca2.76Cu0.24Co4O9 at 800 °C.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: February 1, 2011

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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