Photoluminescence of ZnO in Metal Ion Exchanged Zeolite Y
The photoluminescence of nano-sized ZnO in metal–ion–exchanged zeolite Y (ZnO/M-FAU, M = Na, Ca, Er) was investigated. ZnO/M-FAU was prepared by exposing Er3+ - or Ca2+-exchanged Na-FAU to Zn vapor and to air at 723 K. The ZnO formation in the M-FAU showed a change in intensity in the (220), (311) and (331) lines, but no indication of ZnO peaks. In the EDXS and ICPAES analyses, it was found that the molar ratio of Zn/Si was linearly related to the exchanged amount of metal ions, and that the slope of the Zn/Si to the metal/Si was in the order of ZnO/Na-FAU < ZnO/CaNa-FAU < ZnO/ErNa-FAU. In the photoluminescence spectra of all the ZnO/M-FAU samples, peaks were observed at around 380 nm (3.2 eV) and 530 nm (2.5 eV) of ZnO. In ZnO/ErNa-FAU sample, the reabsorption of Er3+ at 520 nm and its emission at 650 nm were observed at the 530 nm peak of ZnO, which can be explained in terms of the interaction of ZnO with Er3+ in the FAU. In the case of ZnO/CaNa-FAU, the peak at around 380 nm was broaden to a longer wavelength, which is supposed to have been caused by emission peak of (CaO) X (ZnO) Y . In addition, there were some indications of interaction between Na+ ZnO in ZnO/Na-FAU and the ZnO that was doped with Na+. From the result, it is suggested that ZnO particles were formed in the cavities that interacted with the ions in the zeolites.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2011
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