Synthesis of Yttria-Doped Bismuth Oxide Powder by Carbonate Coprecipitation for IT-SOFC Electrolyte
Yttria-doped bismuth oxide (YBO) powders were synthesized by ammonium carbonate coprecipitation for the preparation of electrolytes of an intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cell (IT-SOFC). The starting salts were yttrium and bismuth nitrate. The crystal structures and the morphological characteristics of the particles were analyzed by XRD and SEM, respectively. The ionic conductivity of the sintered pellet was measured by an electrochemical impedance analyzer. The size of the calcined YBO powders were in the range of 20–100 nm as measured by SEM images. The YBO pellets had a face-centered cubic structure, and their crystallite size was about 54–88 nm. The ionic conductivity of the YBO pellets sintered at 800 °C was observed to be 2.7 × 10−1 Scm−1 at 700 °C. The ball-milling of the YBO powder before it was pelletized was found to have been unrequired probably because of a good sinterability of the YBO powders that was prepared via the ammonium carbonate coprecipitation method. The results showed that the ammonium carbonate coprecipitation process could be used as the cost-efficient method of producing YBO electrolytes for IT-SOFC.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2011
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