Electrochemical Characterization of Nano-Sized Pd-Based Catalysts as Cathode Materials in Direct Methanol Fuel Cells
To improve the catalytic activity of palladium (Pd) as a cathode catalyst in direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs), we prepared palladium-titanium oxide (Pd–TiO2) catalysts which the Pd and TiO2 nanoparticles were simultaneously impregnated on carbon. We selected Pd and TiO2 as catalytic materials because of their electrochemical stability in acid solution. The crystal structure and the loading amount of Pd and TiO2 on carbon were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and energy dispersive X-ray microanalysis (EDX). The electrochemical characterization of Pd–TiO2/C catalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction was carried out in half and single cell systems. The catalytic activities of the Pd–TiO2 catalysts were strongly influenced by the TiO2 content. In the single cell test, the Pd–TiO2 catalysts showed very comparable performance to the Pt catalyst.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2011
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