The Structure and Photoluminescence Properties of Bi2O3-Core/SnO2-Shell Nanowires
Bi2O3-core/SnO2-shell nanowires have been prepared by using a two-step process: thermal evaporation of Bi2O3 powders and sputtering of SnO2. The crystalline nature of the Bi2O3-core/SnO2-shell nanowires has been revealed by high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and selected area electron diffraction (SAED). TEM analysis and X-ray diffraction (XRD) results indicate that the Bi2O3-core/SnO2-shell nanowires consist of pure tetragonal α-Bi2O3-phase momocrystalline cores and tetragonal SnO2-phase polycrystalline shells. The photoluminescence (PL) measurements show that Bi2O3 nanowires have a broad emission band centered at around 560 nm in the yellow–green region. On the other hand, the Bi2O3-core/SnO2-shell coaxial nanowires with the sputtering times of 4 and 8 min have a blue emission band centered at around 450 nm. In contrast, those with a sputtering time of 10 min have a broad emission band centered at ∼550 nm again. The origin of this yellow–green emission from the core/shell nanowires, however, quite differs from that from Bi2O3 nanowires, i.e., it is not from the Bi2O3 cores but from the SnO2 shells.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2011
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