Effect of pH on the Extra Cellular Synthesis of Gold and Silver Nanoparticles by Saccharomyces cerevisae
In the present study, the synthesis of gold and silver nanoparticles was investigated using the culture supernatant broth of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisae. Gold nanoparticles were formed within 24 hours of gold ion coming in contact with the culture supernatant broth. In case of silver the reduction process took 48 hours. The synthesized nanoparticles were investigated by UV-Visible spectroscopy. Distinct surface plasmon peaks were observed at 540 nm and 415 nm for gold and silver nanoparticles respectively. Bio-TEM micrographs of the synthesized nanoparticles indicated that the particles were well dispersed and near spherical in shape. The size range of the gold and silver nanoparticles was around 20–100 nm and 5–20 nm respectively. XRD patterns showed the presence of three distinct peaks corresponding to gold and silver nanoparticles respectively. A pH range of 4 to 6 and 8 to 10 favored optimum synthesis of gold and silver nanoparticles respectively. The process of reduction being extra cellular could be used in future for downstream processing in an eco friendly manner.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2011
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