Substrate Geometry-Dependent Nonlinear Absorption of Carbon Nanotubes Deposited onto D-Shaped Optical Fibers
The effect of single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) on nonlinear optical absorption of D-shaped fibers with versatile the remaining length of the cladding region and the interaction length are investigated. The optical absorption based on SWNTs is induced by the energy bandgap in SWNTs. The bandgap energy depends on the tube diameter of SWNTs. After fabricating versatile D-shaped fiber, SWNTs are deposited on the polished surface of D-shaped fibers. The cladding region of single mode fibers is removed by a side-polishing technique and the D-shaped fiber is obtained. In the D-shaped fiber, the cladding region is thin enough to induce the evanescent field coupling of core mode to the other modes of the SWNT-overlay. The nonlinear absorption based on the SWNTs-overlay is changed by the remaining length of cladding region and the interaction length because the coupling strength of evanescent field strongly depends on the different remaining lengths of the cladding region and the interaction lengths as well.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2011
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