Optical and Electrical Properties of Ultralong ZnO Nanorod Fabricated from Preheating Hydrothermal Method
Ultralong ZnO nanorod arrays with a length of 10 μm were synthesized using a preheated hydrothermal-solution precursor, and their optical and electrical properties were studied using photoluminescence (PL) spectra and field effect transistors (FETs). The PL spectra showed ultraviolet, orange, and red emissions and had different temperature dependences with increasing temperature. The high-resolution photoluminescence spectra showed that the ultraviolet (UV) emission had different origins within different temperature ranges. The parameters describing the temperature dependence of the peak position shift, intensity, and full width at half maximum were evaluated using different models. After the fabrication of individual nanorod FETs, the ultralong ZnO NRs showed a clear n-type gate modulation with a typical electron concentration of 1017 cm−3 and a typical electron mobility of 35.7 cm2/V·s.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2011
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