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Optimized Film Processing of Nanosilver Colloids for Photoluminescence Enhancement

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Recently, various research strategies have been employed to improve light extraction efficiency in organic LEDs, including the recent development of localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR), as well as the more widely-known application of a photonic crystal layer. Here, we report on the development of a process method for forming a two-dimensional nanosilver patterned array to achieve LSPR-coupled light-emission efficiency enhancement. The process scheme involves the spin-coating of nanosilver colloidal ink onto a glass substrate, followed by optimized thermal annealing to create an array of isolated nanosilver islands. The resulting Ag islands are in the size range 50∼80 nm, which is larger than the diameter of the Ag nanoparticles in the colloidal suspension. Then, silicon oxide is thermally sputtered to provide a spacer layer to prevent luminescence quenching of the red-emitting nanocrystal quantum dot (NQD) layer, which is deposited in a subsequent spin-coating process. When the NQD layer is excited, the energy of the photoelectron is confined to the surfaces of the nanosilver islands in the near-field. In this study, the localized surface plasmon resonance peaks were at a wavelength of 625 nm, and out-coupling efficiency was enhanced more than sixfold.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2011

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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