Efficient TCO-Free Organic Solar Cells with Modified Poly(3,4-Ethylenedioxythiophene): Poly(Styrenesulfonate) Anodes
Organic photovoltaic cells (OPVs) with a highly conductive poly 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene:poly styrenesulfonate (PEDOT:PSS) layer as an anode and that were modified with the addition of some organic solvents such as sorbitol (So), dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), N-methyl-pyrrolidone (NMP), dimethylformamide (DMF), and ethylene glycol (EG) were fabricated without the use of transparent conducting oxide (TCO). The conductivity of the PEDOT:PSS film that was modified with each additive was enhanced by three orders of magnitude. According to the atomic force microscopy (AFM) study, the conductivity enhancement might have been related to the better connections between the conducting PEDOT chains. The TCO-free solar cells with a modified PEDOT:PSS layer and an active layer composed of poly (3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and phenyl [6, 6] C61 butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) performed as well as the indium-tin-oxide (ITO)-based organic solar cells. The power conversion efficiency (PCE) of the organic solar cells with a DMSO-, So + DMSO-, and EG-modified PEDOT:PSS layer reached 3.51, 3.64, and 3.77%, respectively, under an illumination of AM 1.5 (100 mW/cm2).
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2011
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