Substituent Effect on Color Tuning of Red Light Emission in Photoluminescence and Electroluminescence of Red Fluorophore
Typical small red light-emitting molecules for organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) were highly susceptible to fluorescence concentration quenching in solid state. Red fluorophores, (2Z, 2′Z)-3, 3′-[4,4″-bis(dimethylamino)-1,1′:4′,1″-terphenyl-2′,5′-diyl]bis(2-phenylacrylonitrile) (ABCV-P), (2E, 2′E)-3,3′-[4,4″-bis(dimethylamino)-1,1′:4′,1″-terphenyl-2′,5′-diyl]bis[2-(2-thienyl)acrylonitrile] (ABCV-Th) and (2Z, 2′Z)-3,3′-[4,4″-bis(dimethylamino)-1,1′:4′,1″-terphenyl-2′,5′-diyl]bis[2-(2-naphthyl)acrylonitrile] (ABCV-Np), capable of preventing fluorescence concentration quenching were designed and synthesized. These compounds have intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) properties which were estimated by measurement of UV-Visible absorption and photoluminescence (PL) emission spectra with variation of solvent polarity (n-Hexane/Chloroform = 99/1, 1/1; Chloroform; Methylene chloride). The magnitude of ICT for ABCV-Th was measured to be the largest and that for ABCV-Np was slightly larger compared to that for ABCV-P. The magnitude of ICT resulted in a shift of peak wavelength of PL emission. Therefore, this result well supported substituent effect on the color change of PL emission. The peak wavelengths of photoluminescence for ABCV-P, ABCV-Np and ABCV-Th were observed to be 607.5, 611.5 and 617.5 nm, respectively, and those of EL spectra were measured to be 612.5, 619.5, 621.0 nm, respectively. The emission maxima of PL and EL spectra for these red fluorescent compounds were well correlated with substituent effect on ICT for them.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: October 1, 2010
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