Development of Highly Stable and Luminescent Aqueous CdS Quantum Dots with the Poly(acrylic acid)/Mercaptoacetic Acid Binary Coating System
Highly stable and luminescent CdS quantum dots (QD) were prepared in aqueous solutions via in situ capping of the crystals with the poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) and mercaptoacetic acid (MAA) binary mixtures. The effect of reaction temperature and coating composition on the particle size, colloidal stability and luminescence were investigated and discussed in detail. CdS QDs coated with either PAA or MAA were also prepared and compared in terms of properties. CdS-MAA QDs were highly luminescent but increasing reaction temperature caused an increase in the crystal size and a significant decrease in the quantum yield (QY). Although less luminescent and bigger than CdS-MAA, CdS-PAA QDs maintained the room temperature size and QY at higher reaction temperatures. CdS-MAA QDs lacked long term colloidal stability whereas CdS-PAA QDs showed excellent stability over a year. Use of PAA/MAA mixture as a coating for CdS nanoparticles during the synthesis provided excellent stability, high QY and ability to tune the size and the color of the emission. Combination of all of these properties can be achieved only with the mixed coating. CdS coated with PAA/MAA at 40/60 ratio displayed the highest QY (50% of Rhodamine B) among the other compositions.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: May 1, 2009
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