Silver Structure Environments in Ion-Exchanged Silicate Glasses Studied by X-ray Absorption Fine Structure
X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) technique was used to analyze structural geometry of Ag atoms introduced into soda-lime silicate glass and soda aluminosilicate glass by ion-exchange method. The results show that Ag+ ion in soda aluminosilicate glass takes a coordination number of 1.6 with a Ag–O distance of 2.20 Å when the ion-exchange ratio x is smaller than 0.47 and of 2.28 Å when x is larger than 0.47. The introduced Ag+ ions are stabilized at the non-bridge oxygen (NBO) sites when x is lower than 0.47. The Na+ ions in AlØ4 (Ø4 represents the bridging oxygen) sites are exchanged by Ag+ ions after all Na+ in NBO sites are replaced. The disorder of Ag–O coordination increases gradually with increasing x from 0.24 to 0.47 in soda aluminosilicate glass and increases dramatically when x is larger than 0.47. Ag+ ions takes a coordination number of 1.6 in the ion-exchanged soda-lime silicate glass and of 1.3 after subsequently thermal treatment with the same Ag–O distance of 2.14 Å. Debye-Waller factor (DWF) of Ag–O coordination in soda aluminosilicate glass is higher than that in soda-lime silicate glass. Small Ag cluster has a reduced interatomic distance and a larger DWF. Ag nanoparticle in sample Ag-7 is in a state of tensile stress.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: February 1, 2009
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