Magnetic and Catalytic Properties of Copper Ferrite Nanopowders Prepared by Combustion Process
Copper ferrite nano-particles with Fe/Cu ratios varying from 2 to 12 were successfully synthesized by combustion process using copper nitrate, iron nitrate and urea. The resultant powders were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). The results revealed that the copper ferrite powders are uniform in the range of 250–300 nm. The copper ferrite with Fe/Cu ratio of 2 possessed a saturation magnetization of 5.47 emu/g, and an intrinsic coercive force of 241.98 Oe, with Fe/Cu ratio of 12 possessed a saturation magnetization of 22.06 emu/g and an intrinsic coercive force of 247.94 Oe. Moreover, these copper ferrite magnetic nano-particles also acted as catalyst for the oxidation of 2,3,6-trimethylphenol to synthesize 2,3,5-trimethylhydrogenquinone and 2,3,5-trimethyl-1,4-benzoquinone for the first time. The conversion of 2,3,6-trimethylphenol in the kinetic behavior of oxidation was investigated in detail. The reaction shows dramatically enhanced by the addition of copper-ferrite nano-particles to the solution.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: February 1, 2009
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