Synthesis of CdS Nanorods in Soft Template Under γ-Irradiation
CdS nano material which has a band gap of 2.42 eV at room temperature is a typical II–VII semiconductor having many commercial or potential applications, e.g., light-emitting diodes, solar cell and optoelectronic devices. In this paper, we use a new strategy to synthesize CdS nanorods. CdS nanorods were prepared in soft template under γ-irradiation though the reaction of cadmium sulphide and thiacetamide (TAA). The formation process and characters of CdS nanorods was investigated in detail by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), electron diffraction (ED) pattern, X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), ultraviolet spectrophotometer (UV) and photoluminescence spectrophotometer (PL). In the experiment we proposed that the irradiation of γ-ray accelerated the formation of S2− under acidic condition (pH = 3) and vinyl acetate (VAc) monomer formed pre-organized nano polymer tubules which were used as both templates and nanoreacters for the growth of CdS nanorods. In this process, we have obtained the CdS polycrystal nanorods with PVAc nano tubules and CdS single-crystal nanorods. The result of X-ray powder diffraction confirms that the crystal type of CdS nanorods is cubic F-43 m (216). The results from transmission electron microscopy and electron diffraction show that the concentrations of reactants and the dose rate of γ-ray are key to produce appropriate CdS nanorods. Relatively low concentrations (Cd2+: 0.008∼0.02 mol/L, Cd2+:S2− = 1 : 2) of reactants and long time (1∼2 d) of irradiation in low dose rate (6∼14 Gy/min) are propitious to form CdS single-crystal nanorods with small diameter (less than 100 nm) and well length (2–5 μm). UV and PL characterizations show the sample have well optical properties.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: February 1, 2009
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