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Gold Nanoparticle-Based Label-Free Detection of BRCA1 Mutations Utilizing DNA Ligation on DNA Microarray

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Here we describe a label-free detection strategy for point mutation in breast cancer susceptibility gene BRCA1 utilizing ligation chain reaction (LCR) and zip-code array. We amplified the genomic regions containing mutation sites by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to prepare the template for LCR. Then we ligated a primary probe extended by zip-code complementary at the 5′ end with a 3′-thiol modified secondary probe. The resulting ligated product was labeled with gold nanoparticles and allowed to hybridize with corresponding zip-code sequences on the microarray. Finally, we applied silver enhancement to amplify the signals. Using this strategy, we successfully genotyped BRCA1 mutation, which was detected by naked eye.
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Keywords: BRCA MUTATION; GOLD NANOPARTICLES; LABEL-FREE DETECTION; LIGATION CHAIN REACTION; ZIP-CODE ARRAY

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: February 1, 2009

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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