Effect of Filler Geometry on Interfacial Friction Damping in Polymer Nanocomposites
Single-walled carbon nanotube polycarbonate and C60 polycarbonate nanocomposites were fabricated using a solution mixing method. The composite loss modulus was characterized by application of dynamic (sinusoidal) load to the nanocomposite and the pure polymer samples. For a loading of 1 weight %, the single-walled nanotube fillers generated more than a 250% increase in loss modulus compared to the baseline (pure) polycarbonate. Even though the surface area to volume ratio and surface chemistry of C60 is similar to that for nanotubes, we report no significant increase in the energy dissipation for the 1% weight C60 nanoparticle composite compared to the pure polymer. We explain these observations by comparing qualitatively, the active sliding area (considering both normal and shear stresses) for a representative volume element of the nanotube and the nanoparticle composites. These results highlight the important role played by the filler geometry in controlling energy dissipation in nanocomposite materials.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: April 1, 2007
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