Ozone Reaction with Carbon Nanostructures 2: The Reaction of Ozone with Milled Graphite and Different Carbon Black Grades
Synthetic graphite particles 0.2 microns in diameter react with O3 at room temperature with evolution of CO2. Graphite is less reactive with ozone than carbon blacks having different surface area ranging from 120 to 8 m2/g, but graphite reactivity is comparable to that shown by powdered solid C60 and C70 fullerenes. The kinetic rate constant derived from the ozone consumption k appears in relation with the rate of CO2 evolution suggesting a very simple reaction stoichiometry at the early stages. The reaction between ozone and graphite or carbon blacks essentially involves two stages: the gasification of the surface to CO2 and its functionalization with oxygenated chemical groups, mainly as COOH but also other oxygenated chemical moieties. The pseudofirst order kinetics appears adequate to describe the heterogeneous reaction between ozone and the selected carbon materials. The discussion of the results is focused on the role played by fullerene-like carbon nanostructures, present in graphene sheets to explain the observed gasification rates and surface functionalization.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: April 1, 2007
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