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Characterization and Thermophysical Properties of Unsaturated Polyester-Layered Silicate Nanocomposites

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The thermophysical properties of unsaturated polyester (UPE) nanocomposites reinforced by organo-montmorillonite clay nanoplatelets are reported. The organo-clay nanoplatelets were sonicated in acetone for 2 hours to be dispersed in the UPE matrix. Vacuum extraction removed not only the acetone but also the styrene present in the UPE solution. The same mechanical and thermophysical properties of UPE were regained after adding the lost amount of styrene to the UPE solution. Both delaminated and intercalated clay morphologies were observed by transmission electron microscopy. It was found that the sonication process was effective to delaminate clay nanoplatelets for more homogeneous dispersion, dependent on organic chemical modifications for clay nanoplatelets. A higher storage modulus enhancement was obtained when the organo-clay nanoplatelets were delaminated and more homogeneously dispersed. The reinforcing effect of both delaminated and intercalated clay nanoplatelets was theoretically evaluated with the Halpin-Tsai equations. It was evaluated that the aspect ratio of delaminated clay nanoplatelets was approximately 150. The increase of the storage modulus below and above the glass transition temperature was achieved without reducing glass transition temperature and Izod impact strength with increasing clay content.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: February 1, 2006

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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