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Ant Colony Based Data Aggregation in Real Time Wireless Sensor Networks

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Sensing the natural phenomenon, sensing the eventual activities, sensing the abrupt change in human developed systems has a wide number of applications. To sense, one needs the tiny sensor devices called sensor nodes. To collect the data from these devices, one has to arrange these tiny devices into a intelligently managed network, called as sensor networks. Due to mostly unattended application areas and zones, these devices are supposed to be wireless which adds one more dimension to our discussion, known as wireless sensor networks. So basically these are an intelligent arrangement of small, tiny sensing devices with wide array of attributes, namely, sensing ability, low communication range mechanism, limited power sources, small processing ability, small memory. With these limitations, even handling a small data generated/sensed in the network becomes crucial to handle. Therefore there has to be an effective data aggregation technique. The prime goal of any data aggregation algorithms is to collect/retrieve/gather the data in an efficient possible way so that the effort to communicate the data over the network can be reduced. Less work from the network means less energy dissipated, thus lifetime can be enhanced. An effective data aggregation technique reduces the latency also. Small network latency is crucial for time critical applications in real time wireless sensor networks. Ant colony based optimization provides us such a possibility to find an optimal route for efficient data aggregation with significantly reduced network latency. In our work, Ant colony based Data Aggregation in Real Time wireless sensor networks (ACDAR), Ants use their pheromones to establish a new path or follow already established path by other ants. Similarly data packets in wireless sensor networks can take advantage of freshly established paths by Route Ants. As the results received, it is verified that number of packets successfully delivered to the sink have increased and the miss ratio, cumulative packets consumption have improved, network latency has decreased.
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Keywords: Ant Colony Optimization; Data Aggregation; Fault Tolerant; Real Time Wireless Sensor Networks; Reliable Data Delivery

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Ph.D. Scholar, Computer Science & Engineering Department, M.M. Deemed to be University Mullana, 133207, Haryana, India 2: Computer Science & Engineering Department, M.M. Deemed to be University Mullana, 133207, Haryana, India 3: Computer Science & Engineering Department, Chitkara University, Mohali 140401, Punjab, India

Publication date: September 1, 2019

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  • Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience is an international peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidates research activities in all aspects of computational and theoretical nanoscience into a single reference source. This journal offers scientists and engineers peer-reviewed research papers in all aspects of computational and theoretical nanoscience and nanotechnology in chemistry, physics, materials science, engineering and biology to publish original full papers and timely state-of-the-art reviews and short communications encompassing the fundamental and applied research.
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