Thermal Simulation Study of 900 MPa Grade High-Strength Low Alloy Steel in Welding Procedures
Hydraulic support is an important part of fully mechanized equipments. The constructional steels of hydraulic support with international advanced level mainly adopt the high-strength welding structural steel with its tensile strength of more than 700∼1000 MPa. This paper analyzes the chemical compositions features of S890 high-strength low alloy steel for 900 MPa grade. The Influence of welding parameters, peak temperature andt8/5 on the microstructures and mechanical properties of welding HAZ of S890 high-strength low alloy steel were investigated by thermo-simulated tests. The influ- ence of welding heat input on the mechanical behaviors of the welded joint was also investigated. The results show that the microstructures of S890 steel change from tempered martensite to bainite and a little ferrite, pearlitic when welding heat input changes from low to high, and accompany the austenite grains coarsening, so the impact toughness and hardness of welding HAZ at lower peak temperatures and shortert 8/5 are higher than that at higher peak temperature and longt 8/5. Welding HAZ produced by the second weld bead will overlap partially with the HAZ produced by the first weld bead. In this area, primitive microstructure tempers again or partial re-phase transformations and re-cools, but the area involved in the overlap is limited, so the influence on the properties of S890 steel is not obvious. In covered arc welding, the influence on the welded join strength of S890 steel is not distinct when heat input change in a certain scope, but the plasticity of the welded join falls off steeply as heat input increases.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: September 1, 2012
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