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Low Temperature Spin-Glass-Like Phases in Magnetic Nano-Granular Composites

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It is a common understanding that the dipole–dipole interaction among the magnetic nanoparticles may result in a low-temperature spin-glass phase, which has been evidenced by observation of aging effect and memory effect. However, several studies on the nano-particles systems showed that some of the observed spin-glass-like phenomena could be due to the existence of spin-glass-like shells surrounding the ferrimagnetic cores. Therefore, it is very important to understand that how the dipole–dipole interaction induce the spin-glass phase. In order to address this issue, we have fabricated Co–SiO2 and Fe–SiO2 nano-granular thin films and measured the memory effect for them. Spin-glass-like phase has been observed at low temperatures. We found that, after annealing, the size of the clusters increased significantly. Based on a simple model, the dipole–dipole interaction between the clusters must be increased accordingly for the annealed samples. Interestingly, the memory effect is greatly weakened in the annealed films, which strongly suggested that the dipole–dipole interaction may not be the major factor for the formation of the low-temperature spin-glass-like phase.
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Keywords: GRANULAR; INTERACTION; MAGNETIC; NANO PARTICLES; SPIN GLASS; THIN FILM

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 2012

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  • Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience is an international peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidates research activities in all aspects of computational and theoretical nanoscience into a single reference source. This journal offers scientists and engineers peer-reviewed research papers in all aspects of computational and theoretical nanoscience and nanotechnology in chemistry, physics, materials science, engineering and biology to publish original full papers and timely state-of-the-art reviews and short communications encompassing the fundamental and applied research.
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