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Novel Quantum Phenomena in Carbon Nanotubes; Superconductivity, One-Dimensional Electron Correlations, and Spin Quantum Bits

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Carbon nanotubes (CNTs), which are one-dimensional (1D) molecular conductors, have attracted considerable attention from viewpoints of the novel structures, electronic states, quantum phenomena, and also applications to new opt and electronic devices. However, mostly none reported on superconductivity (SC) and its correlation with 1D electron phenomena. In the present study, I report on SC with the world-highest transition temperature (Tc) of 12 K (1) in arrays of multi-walled CNTs (MWNTs) with entirely end-bonded electrode junction and (2) in highly uniform thin films of boron-doped single-walled CNTs (B-SWNTs). In the former one, I reveal correlation of SC with Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid (TLL) state, which is a collective phenomenon arising from repulsive Coulomb interaction between electrons confined in 1D ballistic charge transport regimes. In the latter one, I clarify correlation of SC with van Hove singularities (VHS) in electronic density of states (DOS) in the SWNT. Based on this thin film, I show fabrication of paper-like thin films consisting of pseudo two-dimensional network of weakly coupled B-SWNTs (the so-called Buckypaper) and show an enhancement of the onset Tc up to 19 K by applying only a small pressure. In Section 4, I discuss about possibility for realization of quantum spin entangler and quantum bit utilizing a hybrid system of CNTs/superconductor, which is associated with the Section 1. Because CNTs have strong spin coherence and possibly strong spin entanglement in spin singlet (Cooper pair), it must allow realization of quantum spin entangler and bit without decoherence problem in near future. The present observations will shed light to feasibility of CNTs as a 1D superconductor and also research of 1D electron correlation. They promise application to novel quantum devices.
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Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: September 1, 2010

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  • Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience is an international peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidates research activities in all aspects of computational and theoretical nanoscience into a single reference source. This journal offers scientists and engineers peer-reviewed research papers in all aspects of computational and theoretical nanoscience and nanotechnology in chemistry, physics, materials science, engineering and biology to publish original full papers and timely state-of-the-art reviews and short communications encompassing the fundamental and applied research.
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