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Biodegradable Polymeric Micelle-Mediated Delivery of a pH-Activatable Prodrug of 7-Ethyl-10-Hydroxy-Camptothecin (SN-38) to Enhance Anti-Angiogenesis and Anti-Tumor Activity

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7-Ethyl-10-hydroxy-camptothecin (SN-38), an efficient topoisomerase inhibitor, is the biological metabolite of irinotecan used as the first-line chemotherapy drug for colon cancer. However, the hydrophobicity and instability of SN-38 limit its further clinical application. In this study, to improve water dispersity and the anti-tumor efficiency of SN-38, a prodrug, SN-38-BOC, that could efficiently transform to active SN-38 in the acidic tumor microenvironment was synthesized and encapsulated into MPEG-P(CL-ran-TMC) micelles (SN-38-BOC micelles). SN-38-BOC micelles could accumulate in tumors due to the EPR effect and exhibit a sustained release behavior, which was rapidly transformed to active SN-38 by the acidic environment of tumor tissues (pH 5.5–6.8), thus achieving efficient anti-tumor activity. Compared with the free SN-38-BOC group, enhanced cytotoxicity and apoptotic induction were obtained from the SN-38-BOC micelle-treated group in both HCT116 and CT26 cells. In addition, SN-38-BOC micelles showed more effective anti-angiogenesis than free SN-38-BOC in a transgenic zebrafish model. Furthermore, SN-38-BOC micelles exhibited stronger inhibition of tumor growth in both HCT116 and CT26 subcutaneous xenograft tumor models. Histological analysis revealed that SN-38-BOC micelles showed a more effective anti-tumor activity than the free drug by inducing more apoptosis, inhibiting angiogenesis, and suppressing proliferation. Thus, the pH-activatable SN-38-BOC micelle could serve as a promising candidate in colorectal tumor therapy.
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Keywords: ANTI-ANGIOGENESIS; COLORECTAL TUMOR; MICELLES; PH-ACTIVATABLE; SN-38-BOC

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: February 1, 2018

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  • Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology (JBN) is a peer-reviewed multidisciplinary journal providing broad coverage in all research areas focused on the applications of nanotechnology in medicine, drug delivery systems, infectious disease, biomedical sciences, biotechnology, and all other related fields of life sciences.
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