Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Metronidazole-Loaded Polyethyleneimine and Chitosan-Based Liquid Crystalline System for Treatment of Staphylococcal Skin Infections

Buy Article:

$106.92 + tax (Refund Policy)

Staphylococcus aureus is a common gram-positive bacterium of the human skin microbiota. It is also a dangerous pathogen that can cause serious and even lethal skin infections. The topical administration of metronidazole via nanotechnology-based drug delivery systems, such as liquid crystalline systems, can modulate both the drug permeation and activity, decreasing its side effects and increasing the drug potent activity against the gram-positive bacteria. This study aimed at: (1) structurally developing and characterizing a liquid crystalline systems composed of chitosan and polyethyleneimine dispersion as the aqueous phase, oleic acid as the oily phase, and ethoxylated and propoxylated cetyl alcohol as the surfactant (FPC) for metronidazole incorporation (0.5% w/w); (2) evaluating the in vitro release and skin permeation and retention properties of the metronidazole-loaded liquid crystalline systems (FPC-M); (3) investigating the in vitro antibacterial activity of FPC-M against Staphylococcus aureus. Polarised light microscopy indicated that both FPC and FPC-M are hexagonal systems. Rheological, texture, and bioadhesion assays showed that both are elastic and bioadhesive systems. According to the results of the in vitro release, permeation, and retention assays, FPC can modulate metronidazole release and allow metronidazole to stay for a longer time on the skin. The determination of FPC-M activity against Staphylococcus aureus showed that it could target the bacterial cell. In conclusion, the liquid crystalline systems developed in this study can improve the clinical performance of metronidazole in the treatment of staphylococcal skin infections.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics


Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2018

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology (JBN) is a peer-reviewed multidisciplinary journal providing broad coverage in all research areas focused on the applications of nanotechnology in medicine, drug delivery systems, infectious disease, biomedical sciences, biotechnology, and all other related fields of life sciences.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Terms & Conditions
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more