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Construction of 3-D Cellular Multi-Layers with Extracellular Matrix Assembly Using Magnetic Nanoparticles

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Construction of 3-dimensional (3-D) engineered tissue is increasingly being investigated for use in drug discovery and regenerative medicine. Here, we developed multi-layered 3-D cellular assembly by using magnetic nanoparticles (MNP) isolated from Magnetospirillum sp. AMB-1 magnetotactic bacteria. Magnetized human dermal fibroblasts (HDFBs) were prepared by treatment with the MNP, induced to form 3-D assembly under a magnetic field. Analyses including LIVE/DEAD assay, transmission electron microscopy revealed that the MNP were internalized via clathrin-mediated endocytosis without cytotoxicity. The magnetized HDFBs could build 3-D structure as a function of seeding density. When the highest seeding density (5 × 105 cells/mm2 was used, the thickness of assembly was 41.90 ± 1.69 μm, with approximately 9.3 ± 1.6 cell layers being formed. Immunofluorescence staining confirmed homogeneous distribution of ECM and junction proteins throughout the 3-D assembly. Real-time PCR analysis showed decrease in expression levels of collagen types I and IV but increase in that of connexin 43 in the 3-D assembly compared with the 2-D culture. Finally, we demonstrated that the discernible layers can be formed hierarchically by serial assembly. In conclusion, our study showed that a multi-layered structure can be easily prepared using magnetically-assisted cellular assembly with highlighting cell-cell and cell-ECM communication.
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Keywords: 3-D CELLULAR ASSEMBLY; CELLULAR INTERNALIZATION; HIERARCHICAL TISSUE MIMICRY; MAGNETIC NANOPARTICLES; MULTI-LAYERED STRUCTURE

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: October 1, 2016

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  • Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology (JBN) is a peer-reviewed multidisciplinary journal providing broad coverage in all research areas focused on the applications of nanotechnology in medicine, drug delivery systems, infectious disease, biomedical sciences, biotechnology, and all other related fields of life sciences.
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