In Situ Lipidization as a New Approach for the Design of a Self Microemulsifying Drug Delivery System (SMEDDS) of Doxorubicin Hydrochloride for Oral Administration
The present paper reports in situ lipidization as a novel approach for the design of Dox-self microemulsifying drug delivery system (SMEDDS). Dox-aerosol OT (AOT) ion pair complex (lipidized Dox), exhibited high log P value of 1.74, indicating lipophilic nature. The lipidized Dox revealed good solubility but limited stability in various oils. Rapid complex formation of Dox with AOT dissolved in oils, and the high partitioning of lipidized Dox (∼90%) into the oily phase presented in situ lipidization as a strategy to overcome the limited chemical stability of lipidized Dox. SMEDDS was prepared by mixing the lipidizing agent AOT, the surfactant α-Tocopheryl-Polyethyleneglycol-1000-Succinate (TPGS) and Capmul as the oil. Dox was suspended in the SMEDDS to obtain Dox-SMEDDS. Dox-SMEDDS on aqueous dilution, resulted in a microemulsion with globule size 196±16.56 nm, and revealed slow release of Dox. Oral bioavailability study in rats revealed a 420% enhancement from Dox-SMEDDS compared to Dox solution. Dox-SMEDDS and control group revealed comparable superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels in heart and kidneys suggesting safety of the Dox-SMEDDS. Efficacy study (tumor size reduction) in fibrosarcoma mouse model suggested Dox-SMEDDS as a promising oral delivery system for the treatment of cancer. In situ lipidization of Dox in SMEDDS presents a novel approach for the design of an orally bioavailable and promising formulation of Dox for oral administration.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: May 1, 2015
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