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High Drug Payload 10-Hydroxycamptothecin Nanosuspensions Stabilized by Cholesterol-PEG: In Vitro and In Vivo Investigation

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The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of producing 10-hydroxycamptothecin nanosuspensions with high drug payload and to then determine the in vitro and in vivo characteristics of these nanosuspensions. Using cholesterol-PEG600 as a stabilizer, 10-hydroxycamptothecin nanosuspensions were successfully prepared using a precipitation-combined high-pressure homogenization method. A satisfactory drug payload of 90.39% (w/w) was achieved. The obtained nanosuspensions were spherical, with a mean particle size of 115.0 ± 0.4 nm, and they were monodisperse with a polydispersity index of 0.134 ± 0.001. The 10-hydroxycamptothecin remained in the same crystalline form in both the nanosuspensions and the bulk powder. In vitro, the 10-hydroxycamptothecin nanosuspensions released the encapsulated drug with nearly zero-order kinetics, and the accumulative release reached 90% within 72 hours. In vitro cytotoxicity assay showed that the 10-hydroxycamptothecin nanosuspensions had significantly enhanced cytotoxicity against HepG2 cells compared to the commercially available 10-hydroxycamptothecin injections. The in vivo study with H22 tumor-bearing mice and intravenous injection of the drug showed that in contrast to the 10-hydroxycamptothecin injections, the 10-hydroxycamptothecin nanosuspensions exhibited significantly enhanced biodistribution, particularly in the lung (393.40-fold AUC0–24 h, liver (192.35-fold AUC0–24 h, spleen (141.67-fold AUC0–24 h and tumor (64.21-fold AUC0–24 h. The 10-hydroxycamptothecin nanosuspensions also showed improved antitumor therapeutic efficacy over the injections (89.83% vs. 30.56%). This suggests that cholesterol-PEG600 may be an effective stabilizer for the preparation of hydrophobic drug nanosuspensions and that 10-hydroxycamptothecin nanosuspensions are a promising drug delivery system for tumor treatment.
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Keywords: 10-HYDROXYCAMPTOTHECIN; ANTITUMOR EFFICACY; BIODISTRIBUTION; CHOLESTEROL-PEG600; DRUG DELIVERY; NANOSUSPENSIONS; PHARMACOKINETICS

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 1, 2015

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  • Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology (JBN) is a peer-reviewed multidisciplinary journal providing broad coverage in all research areas focused on the applications of nanotechnology in medicine, drug delivery systems, infectious disease, biomedical sciences, biotechnology, and all other related fields of life sciences.
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