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Development of RGD-Functionalized PEG-PLA Micelles for Delivery of Curcumin

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Curcumin (Cur), a hydrophobic polyphenolic compound, possesses a wide range of biological activities. However, its prominent application in cancer treatment is limited due to low aqueous solubility and rapid metabolism. Recently, micelle-based drug delivery system has been proven to be an attractive alternative for poorly soluble drugs. In order to improve the application of Cur as an anti-cancer agent, in this study, we synthesized the αvβ3 integrin-targeted peptide (RGD) functionalized polymer (RGD-PEG-PLA). The RGD conjugated Cur loaded micelles (Cur-RPP) were prepared using the thin-film hydration method with modification and the preparation process was optimized with a central composite design. The obtained Cur-RPP presented spherical shape with a particle size of 20 nm and high drug loading (4.70%). Compared with the Cur propylene glycol solution, the in vitro release of Cur from the prepared micelles showed the sustained-release property. Cellular uptake of Cur-RPP was found to be higher than that of non-RGD modified micelles due to the binding effect between αvβ3 integrin and RGD in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) and mouse melanoma cell lines (B16). In B16 tumor-bearing mice, Cur-RPP showed the stronger inhibiting effect on growth of tumor compared with non-RGD modified micelles. It could be concluded from these results that the RGD modified micelles might be a potential carrier for Cur.
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Keywords: CURCUMIN; MICELLES; PEG-PLA; RGD; TARGETING

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2015

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  • Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology (JBN) is a peer-reviewed multidisciplinary journal providing broad coverage in all research areas focused on the applications of nanotechnology in medicine, drug delivery systems, infectious disease, biomedical sciences, biotechnology, and all other related fields of life sciences.
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