The Effect of Alendronate-Loaded Polycarprolactone Nanofibrous Scaffolds on Osteogenic Differentiation of Adipose-Derived Stem Cells in Bone Tissue Regeneration
The osteogenic effect of culturing adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) on alendronate (Aln)-loaded polycarprolactone (PCL) nanofibrous scaffolds was evaluated by examining alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, calcium content, and expression of osteogenic differentiation genes in vitro. The 10% Aln/PCL nanofibrous scaffolds showed more ALP activity, mineralization, and osteocalcin and osteopontin mRNA than the 1% or 5% Aln/PCL nanofibrous scaffolds. The capacity of Aln/PCL nanofibrous scaffolds to regenerate new bone was studied in a rat calvarial defect model. New bone formation in vivo was evaluated by radiography, micro-computed tomography, and histological analysis. At 8 weeks after implantation, Aln/PCL scaffolds had a positive effect on bone regeneration and matrix formation. These results suggested that Aln/PCL nanofibrous scaffolds enhanced the osteogenic differentiation of ADSCs in vitro and bone formation in vivo.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: June 1, 2014
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