Enhanced Cellular Uptake and Biodistribution of a Synthetic Cannabinoid Loaded in Surface-Modified Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) Nanoparticles
This article aimed to produce, characterize and evaluate different surface-modified naphthalen-1-yl-(4-pentyloxynaphthalen-1-yl)methanone (CB13) loaded poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles in order to improve their oral absorption and in vivo biodistribution. Plain and surface-modified PLGA nanoparticles were successfully prepared using a nanoprecipitation method. Chitosan, Eudragit® RS, lecithin and vitamin E were used as surface modifying agents. The NPs were evaluated in terms of mean diameter and size distribution, zeta potential, morphology, drug loading, drug release profiles, mucoadhesive properties, in vitro cell viability and uptake and in vivo biodistribution. Mean particle size distributions in the range of 253–344 nm, spherical shape and controlled zeta potential values were observed depending on the additive employed. High values of entrapment efficiency were obtained for all the formulations. Lecithin and vitamin E modified particles showed higher release rates when compared to the rest of formulations. A clear improvement in ex vivo mucoadhesion properties was observed in the case of chitosan- and Eudragit® RS-modified nanoparticles. Chitosan-poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles showed the highest uptake values on Caco-2 cells. Biodistribution assays proved that most of the particles were accumulated in liver and spleen. An important goal has been achieved in this investigation: CB13, a highly lipophilic drug with low water solubility, can reach the interior of cells more efficiently when it is included in these surface-modified polymeric carriers.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: June 1, 2014
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