Chondroitin Sulphate Decorated Nanoparticulate Carriers of 5-Fluorouracil: Development and In Vitro Characterization
The present study investigates prospective of tailored nanoparticles as vectors to provide improved therapeutic efficacy of encapsulated anti-cancer drug 5-FU. Condritin Sulphate (CS) conjugated PLGA nanoparticles were prepared using PEG-bis-amine and adipic dihydrazide as spacers and loaded with an anti-cancer drug 5-FU (CS-PEG-PLGA-FU and CS-ADH-PLGA-FU). The formulations were then compared with non CS-anchored monomethoxy(polyethylene glycol) (MPEGPLGA-FU) nanoparticles. Nanoparticlulate systems were further characterized by FTIR, NMR, TEM studies and particle size/polydispersity index (PDI) analysis. DSC and XRD were also performed to assess the nature of 5-FU inside the nanoparticles. The nanoparticles prepared using amphiphilic block copolymer CS-PEG-PLGA were able to sustain the release of 5-FU up to 48 h whereas those of CS-ADH-PLGA and MPEG-PLGA released the drug up to 24 h. The CSPEG-PLGA-FU nanoparticles were found to be least haemolytic when compared to free drug, CS-ADH-PLGA-FU and MPEG-PLGA-FU nanoparticles. Cytotoxicity studies were performed on MCF-7/MDA-MD 231 breast cancer cells. PLGA nanoparticles exhibited more potent cytotoxic effect on MCF-7/MDA-MD 231 cells than free doxorubicin. Further, enhanced cytotoxicity and lower hemolytic potential of CS-PEG-PLGA-FU nanoparticles suggest a potential application in cancer chemotherapy.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: August 1, 2010
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