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Feasibility of Using a Two-Wavelength Photometer to Estimate the Concentration of Circulating Near-Infrared Extinguishing Nanoparticles

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We demonstrate a photometer based on pulse oximeter technology designed to test the feasibility of using non-invasive optics to quantify in vivo circulation parameters of optically-active particles by measuring changes in optical extinction introduced by the particles in a murine animal model. A real-time estimate of relative concentration was produced by collecting log-scaled bandpass pulsatile and non-pulsatile intensity (760 nm or 940 nm) near the extinction peak of the employed gold nanoshells and mathematically subtracting the pre-injection intensity through the murine subject. The circulation half-lives in four mice were estimated between 3 and 43 minutes compared to direct optical measurement of 5 L blood draws with UV/Vis spectrophotometry which demonstrated nanoparticle extinctions ranging from 0.246 to 7.408 optical density (OD). A linear model fit relating the two methods produced an R2 value of 0.75. The 1.795 OD negative bias (–4.98 × 109 nanoparticles/ml) between the two methods describes the 35.5% (or 12.0 minutes) average error of prediction of the half-life. This report demonstrates that the circulation parameters of optically-active particles employed at therapeutically-relevant concentrations can be monitored in real-time using non-invasive optical techniques and advises further refinement.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: February 1, 2010

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  • Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology (JBN) is a peer-reviewed multidisciplinary journal providing broad coverage in all research areas focused on the applications of nanotechnology in medicine, drug delivery systems, infectious disease, biomedical sciences, biotechnology, and all other related fields of life sciences.
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