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Endophytic Fungal Diversity on Different Aged Bark of Medicinal Taxus Plant Species

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The present study investigated the endophytic biodiversity on different aged Taxus bark using highthroughput sequencing. Fungi from the five Taxus species, including Taxus yunnanensis, T. media, T. chinensis, and two unidentified Taxus species I and II, were identified by Internal Transcribed Spacer sequence analysis. The operational taxonomic units (OTUs) were 141, 114, 98, 67 and 36, respectively, while the genera numbers were 22, 14, 16, 9 and 10 from the species distribution data, respectively. The dominant fungal genera were Mycena (94.33%), Phageophora (43.97%) and Paraconiothyrium (34.02%), followed by Pestalotiopsis (1.58%) and Strelitziana (1.15%). Rankabundance curve and diversity index suggested that the major species from the bark of T. yunnanensis (YN) was endophytic fungi, whereas fungal species from the bark of unidentified Taxus species II (HDS 50) were quite rare. Furthermore, tree age notably influenced the bark endophytic fungal biodiversity.
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Keywords: BIODIVERSITY; ENDOPHYTIC FUNGI; HIGH THROUGHPUT SEQUENCING; OPERATIONAL TAXONOMIC UNIT

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: August 1, 2019

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  • The goal of the creation of a biobased economy is challenging to agriculture, forestry, academia, government and industry. The extractable resources of the Earth are finite, regardless of the quibble over when they will be depleted. The economic, political and social demands for biobased chemicals, materials and energy are expected to radically transform the materials industries, particularly the plastics industry as well as the biofuel industry. These changes will be based on the principles of sustainability, eco-efficiency, industrial ecology, and green chemistry and engineering. In keeping with the growth of knowledge in this field, there is a strong need for a forum to share original research related to biobased materials and bioenergy. The Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy (JBMB) has been created as an international peer-reviewed periodical to fulfill the need for communication in these research areas. This journal will encompass related research activities in all fields of science, engineering and the life sciences.
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