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Interband Optical Transition Energies in Type-II PbSe/PbS Core/Shell Quantum Dots

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Electronic and optical properties of Type-II lead based core/shell semiconducting quantum dots are reported. Binding energies of electron–hole pair, optical transition energies and the absorption coefficients are investigated taking into account the geometrical confinement in PbSe/PbS core/shell quantum dot nanostructure. The energies are obtained with the increase of shell thickness for various inner core radii. The probability densities of electron and hole wave functions of radial coordinate of the core PbSe and PbS shell quantum dots are presented. The optical transition energy with the spatial confinement is brought out. The electronic properties are obtained using variational approach whereas the compact density matrix method is employed for the nonlinear optical properties. The results show that (i) a decrease in binding energy is obtained when the shell thickness increases due to more separation of electron–hole pair and (ii) the energy band gap decreases with the increase in the shell thickness resulting in the reduction of the higher energy interband transitions.
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Keywords: ABSORPTION COEFFICIENT; CORE/SHELL QUANTUM DOT; TYPE-II MATERIALS

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2017

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  • Journal of Advanced Physics is an interdisciplinary peer-reviewed journal consolidating research activities in all experimental and theoretical aspects of advanced physics. The journal aims in publishing articles of novel and frontier physics that merit the attention and interest of the whole physics community. JAP publishes review articles, full research articles, short communications of important new scientific and technological findings in all latest research aspects of physics.
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