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Structural, Optical and D.C Electrical Properties of (PVA-PVP-Y2O3) Films and Their Application for Humidity Sensor

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The films prepared by casting method with different percentages of nano yttrium oxide (0, 3, 6, 9 and 12) wt%, where optical microscope images show the yttrium nanoparticles form a continuous network inside the polymers when the proportion of (12 wt%). FTIR spectra shows shift in peak position as well as change in shape and intensity, comparing with pure (PVA-PVP) films, this indicates decoupling between the corresponding vibrations of two polymers and yttrium nanoparticles, and we noted that there is a decrease in transmittance at increasing the proportion of yttrium oxide nanoparticles. Scanning electron microscopy shows the surface morphology of the (PVA-PVP-Y2O3) films many aggregates or chunks randomly distributed on the top surface, homogeneous and coherent. The absorbance increases with increase the weight percentages of nano yttrium oxide. The absorption coefficient, extinction coefficient, refractive index, real and imaginary parts of dielectric constants and optical conductivity are increasing with increase the weight percentages of yttrium oxide. The energy band gap decreases with increasing the weight percentages of yttrium oxide. The D.C electrical conductivity increase by increasing yttrium oxide concentrations and temperature. The activation energy decreases by increasing yttrium oxide concentrations. The resistance of the sensor decreased as humidity increased.
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Keywords: D.C ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES; HUMIDITY SENSOR; NANOCOMPOSITE; NANOYTTRIUM OXIDE; OPTICAL; POLYVINYL ALCOHOL; POLYVINYL PYRROLIDONE; STRUCTURAL

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2017

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  • Journal of Advanced Physics is an interdisciplinary peer-reviewed journal consolidating research activities in all experimental and theoretical aspects of advanced physics. The journal aims in publishing articles of novel and frontier physics that merit the attention and interest of the whole physics community. JAP publishes review articles, full research articles, short communications of important new scientific and technological findings in all latest research aspects of physics.
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