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The Common Problem Solving Strategies Used by Junior High School Students in Solving Non-Routine Problems

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This study investigates problem solving strategies adopted by 7th and 8th grade students in solving three arithmetic non-routine problems without prior instruction. No restrictions were given to the participants to what strategies they should use. The sample of this study consisted of 127 junior high school students from four classes of Grade 7 and five classes of Grade 8, with the average age of 13 years old. Results showed that the most frequent used strategy are Computing and Simplifying and Considering a Simpler Case. Although Making a Model or Drawing strategy is preferred by only a small number of students, this approach contributed to a high solving success rate. Few students opted using Making a Table, Chart or List and Guessing, Checking and Revising strategy.
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Keywords: Junior High School; Non-Routine Problems; Problem Solving Strategies

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Sayyidina Othman Secondary School, Ministry of Education, Tutong, TC 3345, Brunei Darussalam 2: Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah Institute of Education, Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Bandar Seri Begawan, BE 1410, Brunei Darussalam 3: Faculty of Science, Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Bandar Seri Begawan, BE 1410, Brunei Darussalam 4: Brunei Darussalam Teacher Academy, Ministry of Education, Bandar Seri Begawan, BJ 2524, Brunei Darussalam 5: Perdana Wazir Secondary School, Ministry of Education, Kuala Belait, KA 3131, Brunei Darussalam

Publication date: July 1, 2018

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