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Parental Involvement and Mathematics Self-Efficacy and Prediction of Mathematics Ability Among Elementary Students: Empirical Study in Sleman City, Indonesia

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This study was based on the phenomenon of the low grade of Mathematics obtained by elementary students in the National Examination, when compared with other subjects. That phenomenon may indicate the low level of Mathematics ability possessed by elementary students. Therefore, this study aims to analyze prediction of parental involvement and Mathematics self-efficacy to Mathematics ability in elementary students. The study was conducted with a quantitative approach and performed in Sleman, Yogyakarta. Measurement of Mathematics ability was done by Mathematics Ability Test that prepared by authors who have studied students’ syllabus. Parental involvement variable was measured using an adaptation of Parental Involvement Measurement Mechanisms by Hoover-Dempsey and Sandler (2005), whereas Mathematics self-efficacy variable was measured using an adaptation of Morgan-Jinks Self-Efficacy Scale (MJSES) by Jinks and Morgan (1999). This research was done by taking 230 students who came from 10 elementary schools in Sleman. Selection of schools that became respondents of research conducted by cluster random sampling to schools located in four sub-districts, namely Seyegan, Gamping, Prambanan, and Pakem. Based on the results of data analysis, the conclusion there was a significant relationship between parental involvement and Mathematics self-efficacy with Mathematics ability in elementary students. The results also indicate that Mathematics ability in elementary students can be predicted from parental involvement and Mathematics self-efficacy, with the effective contribution of 16.3 percent.
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Keywords: Mathematics Ability; Mathematics Self-Efficacy; Parental Involvement

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Psychology, Islamic University of Indonesia, Indonesia 2: Faculty of Psychology, Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia

Publication date: July 1, 2018

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