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Cohesiveness Oral Tradition and Tradition Write: A Case Study on Expansion Events and Figures Gajah Mada of Majapahit in East Aceh Section

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This study intends to determine the extent to which these oral traditions intersect with historical events and how the myths that developed in the community Tamiang and Perlak as well as in border areas that show the name identification that was related to the events of the expedition and the name of Gajah Mada of Majapahit. Folklore, myth, and the story are the reduction process of the oral tradition that developed and influential in the lives of today. These researchers utilize historical-critical method with traditional historiologies types. This type of research selected because researchers want to use the resources in the form of oral tradition. Highlighted the oral tradition that is still alive in the people of Aceh the East in order to obtain the views of local residents as a source to write a history of the triumph of Majapahit and Gajah Mada figures from a different angle. In the field, historians were often hit by lack of written sources related to a historical event (missing link). This lost period did not disappear completely. Stories, Stories of Heroism, Fables, tale, Chronicle, etc., it often provides a description of the missing historical periods. As a collective memory that was spoken from generation to generation, oral traditions can be a source of history with a particular process. This study uses the historical method with the use of traditional sources; results showed that the process of expansion into Eastern part of Aceh is not written in detail in the book Pararaton and Negarakertagama and leave no evidence of conquests like inscriptions or other written evidence. This expansion event is only recorded through oral tradition associated with some place names or toponymy in the eastern part of Aceh, especially in Aceh Tamiang and Peureulak, East Aceh district.
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Keywords: East Aceh Section; Expansion of Majapahit; Oral Tradition; Tradition Write

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Science Education, Faculty of Education, Samudra University, Aceh, 24416, Indonesia; History Department, Faculty of Education, Samudra University, Aceh, 24416, Indonesia

Publication date: July 1, 2018

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