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Tangram Game Software in Helping Understanding of Geometric Concepts Among Pre School Children

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This research was conducted to study the effectiveness of the use of tangram game in assisting the comprehension of geometrical basic pattern concepts from the aspects of interest and performance among pre-school students. The research design is quasi-experiment, involving a manipulative game method for the control group and the virtual game method for the treatment group. The students’ performance data were gathered using equivalent pre-test and post-test, whereby data for the interest variable were gathered using the attitude observation method. A total of 60 pre-school students were selected as samples and they were randomly divided into two equivalent groups, with 30 students in each group, the treatment group and the control group. The difference in the students’ performance mean was analyzed using t-test. The observation was carried out individually using field notes throughout the research period to identify student’s interest. The descriptive data gathered found that students in both groups had fun playing with the tangram. The findings showed that there was a significant difference in the performance between the control group as well as the treatment group despite the p value showed there is a significant improvement among both groups in the post-test with its t = −5.095 and p = 0.00. Hence, the findings revealed students’ understanding of geometrical basic pattern concepts was improved after both treatments was carried out. The mean score of both groups before treatment was carried out is 1.83333; which was smaller after the treatment was carried out with its mean value 4.90000. On the whole, the tangram game in forms of manipulative and virtual had managed to attract students’ interests in the process of teaching and learning in the classroom, and improved students’ performance in the topic of basic pattern concepts. Therefore teachers should teach geometrical shapes using tangram games more often.
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Keywords: Effectiveness; Geometric Concepts; Preschool Children; Quasi-Experiment; Tangram Game

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Faculty Education and Human Development, Sultan Idris Education University, 35900 Tg Malim Perak, Malaysia

Publication date: July 1, 2018

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