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Do Consumer Health Spending and Income per Capita Influence Mortality Rate? Study in Five ASEAN Countries

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This research aims to investigate the influence of consumer health spending and income per capita on mortality rate in five ASEAN countries. It also aims to observe more detail which type of consumer health actually influences mortality rate. We used annual data from 2002 to 2016. Estimation using fixed effect model with five years time-lag leads is the best model. The result shows that consumer health spending has negative influence on mortality, while income per capita provides positive influence. Furthermore, types of consumer health products that influence mortality rate include allergy care, weight management and wellbeing, vitamins and dietary supplements.
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Keywords: Asean Country; Consumer Health Spending; Income per Capita; Mortality Rate

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: PGSB Universitas Paramadina, Tempo Building 7th Floor, Jl.Palmerah Barat No. 8, 12240, Jakarta, Indonesia 2: FEB Universitas Paramadina, Jl. Gatot Subroto, Kav. 97 Mampang, 12790, Jakarta, Indonesia

Publication date: July 1, 2018

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  • ADVANCED SCIENCE LETTERS is an international peer-reviewed journal with a very wide-ranging coverage, consolidates research activities in all areas of (1) Physical Sciences, (2) Biological Sciences, (3) Mathematical Sciences, (4) Engineering, (5) Computer and Information Sciences, and (6) Geosciences to publish original short communications, full research papers and timely brief (mini) reviews with authors photo and biography encompassing the basic and applied research and current developments in educational aspects of these scientific areas.
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