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Speech Act Strategy in the Discourse of Discussion “Indonesia Lawyers Club”

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The choice of speech act strategies in discussion needs moderator’s expertise. This paper describes the mod- erator’s speech strategies in the Discourse of Discussion “Indonesia Lawyers Club” (DDILC). The data were utterances in DDILC which were collected using a purposive sampling technique and was based on the richness of information. The technique of analysing data was a comprehensive analysis based on pragmatics and maxims of cooperative principles. The results show that the dominant speech act strategy used by the moderator was the direct speech act strategy which was expanded by: (1) signalling and approaching the addressee. This use of signals or other non-verbal language was intended to display or reveal intimacy; (2) repeating the addressee’s words, which could be understood as a way of confirming the validity of the addressee’s response and as a prompt of further response; (3) using open question which was intended to show respect, especially when the addressee had higher status than the moderator; and (4) stating an opinion which was meant to prove the accuracy of the information given by the addressee, or to counter another opinion. The moderator also used an indirect speech act strategy with variants of non-literal speech and open question, in which this was to present polite criticisms.
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Keywords: Direct Speech Act Strategy; Discourse of Discussion; Indirect Speech Act; Indonesia Lawyers Club

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Post Graduate Student of Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta, Indonesia 2: Promotors from Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta, Indonesia

Publication date: July 1, 2018

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